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The ultimate guide for designers on how to use white space in design efficiently

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The ultimate guide for designers on how to use white space in design efficiently

For the countless prosperity in your website, using White Space intelligently is the powerful solution.

Professional websites are well planned before designers live their sites. They take care of everything in web design so that websites can suit businesses and brands. Content is king, but it’s important to know how the end users consume your web content. White space seems like space but it’s more than that, a powerful tool to use spaces in between content in the website.

Effective web design uses white space as the powerful tool that

  • Binds your web content,
  • Simplifies the web layout,
  • Enhances the flow,
  • Helps gain attention to key areas.

White space encourages balance in the website and improves the user experience by using white space like paragraph breaks for better readability. It’s important to know how can you use the spaces correctly. In this article, we’ll talk about the white space used in websites, their benefits, their usage and more.

What is White Space and why it matters in web design?

White Space – The Definition

The White Space is the space in website content and individual elements. It is the unmarked space between the paragraphs, lines of paragraphs, layouts, different UI elements and more. It is not only the space having white backgrounds. You can use any colour, pattern, texture, background image and more.

Does White Space matters?

Without White Space, many problems can occur between users and designers. White space is mandatory in design theory so that user experience can be improvised. Many clients may consider white space as wasted but it is a great tool to balance the design and organise the content. To hold the readers’ attention, White Space matters a lot.

Types of White Space in web design

Before we discuss the benefits and uses of White Space, let’s know how many types of White Space –

Micro White Space

Small space between web elements is called micro white space. You can understand this by seeing grid images with the space to separate menu links on the website. Without such space, people can read and understand the content easily.

Macro White Space

The larger space between the design layout and major layout elements is called Macro White Space, for example, the right and left space of the content in a web. It’s like the container of the complete web design.

Active White Space

The space in the web design used to enhance page structure is called active white space which also helps users to understand content.

Passive white space

Powerful space that enhances layout aesthetics without any allowance of user guidance through any flow is called passive white space, for example;

How White Space Can Improve Your Design

Understanding the White Space for a designer is mandatory as it affects the design and layouts resulting in max stay time of users. Some factors help enhance your web design.

Use Uncomplicated UI Design

Using interface design affects the micro and macro white space ratio in the design layout. Choosing the interface and design style wisely can improve the design for ease to understand. Also, user experience research on a particular UI design can help designers determine and ensure to use the right balance of macro and micro white spaces for their targeted audience.

Place the Right Amount of Space in Elements

Designers understand which content and interactive element is a priority to add in the design and during the page craft, attracting users towards the main object is the major desire of designers. Hence, they use different visual methods, CTAs and more to focus the attention on an object and for that, using the right amount of whitespace is necessary. You can keep only the focus object without any other element but the white space only to attract the user towards the object.

Use the Content to Improve Readability

Content is the element in a website that engages people to visit the website. Hence, it’s important to think about the content readability. From font size to its weight and colour contrast and more factors influence readability and White space is one of the essential factors. Using the Line spacing drastically improves legibility. Having the tight spacing makes the content harder to read. Hence, try to use the larger White Space for a better experience in reading.

Clarify Relationships Between Objects

If you measure the new layout, you’ll rarely see the independent elements together. You’ll see the composition of the object usually in the objects. Based on the distance between objects, the relationships will be created where the gestalt principle can be used. Gestalt principle dictates that every object in proximity to another will seems a unit.

For example; we have measured that people try to find short forms and skip forms with too many questions. This law is applied to almost different parts of interaction design and graphical design. But, it’s not the question of keeping the huge information or multiple questions in design; it’s about simplifying the tasks for users using whitespace. It’ll help users use less time to analyse the data.

Whitespace can divide website elements

When it comes to separating sections or any element, designers mostly use visible lines to divide components and these lines or dividers can make your website heavy to load. White Space can divide these elements without using any divider or line which makes your website lightweight and easy to load.


Importance of White Space in Web Design

White Space plays an important role in Web design as it connects all the integral parts of the design. It has the power to transform the design as well as your business. White Space creates the perfect balance and harmony in a website. The website includes many images and content that may look muddled and users may find it difficult to read and understand.

You can imagine that you are reading a magazine where images and text are added in a way that you feel is difficult to read and concentrate and why this? Because magazines have added everything on one page without giving balanced space resulting in messy pages. The website is similar to that magazine, if you don’t use a balanced white space, the page seems messy. Hence, white space is essential in website design.

  • Scan the content – White Space makes the content easy to scan which improves comprehension by up to 20%.
  • Focus – It also allows users to focus on the content that you want to convey to your customers.
  • User interaction – If White Space is used effectively, it increases the interaction and helps in highlighting CTAs.
  • Branding – Use micro and macro White Spaces in a stabilised manner to define your website character and peacefully brand the business.

7 Benefits of Using White Space on your website

Being a web designer, knowing White Space benefits is necessary. Using white space correctly can make you a top-notch designer. Let’s see how using White Space can be beneficial for a website.

  1. Improves Legibility

    Micro White Space is an essential part to include in the design. This makes the website interface legible. When you choose typography specifications in your design such as size, colour, style, font, tracking and more, then consider the White Space in your design.

  2. Makes the website compatible with multiple devices

    Your different users will have different devices when they reach your website. From large screen sizes to small screen devices, every size of the device should be able to visit your website. The white spaces are useful to view the web page on any size of the screen. Keep the space as a predefined space to make the web page flexible so that your users can easily access the content.

  3. Leads to More Engaging Interfaces

    Just like visiting a home, website entry works similarly where a user needs to sense everything and feel comfortable. Using the White Space, the perfect contrast can be built between content and space. Different brands use different white spaces to make the interfaces attractive to provide brand value.

  4. Increases the Rate of Conversions

    Based on the website design, visitors judge the brand’s credibility and White Space builds online trust toward a brand. It directly increases the conversion rate by up to 75% as the White Space removes distractions on a site. For example; Google uses white space correctly and that’s why over 63 billion visitors came to Google in 2019 and became the most visited website.

  5. The website Seems Luxurious

    With the White Space, Website becomes enjoyable in look. Brands use a liberal amount of White Space to provide the website luxurious look that can attract more users. It’s the simplest way and most effective way to make a class.

  6. Highlights Important Content

    If you want to convey a message through content, keeping that content attractive is important. White Space allows your content to breathe and removes the distraction to highlight the important content. White Space increases the prominence by almost 20%.

  7. Provides attention to CTAs

    CTA or call-to-actions plays an important role in converting visitors into customers. Hence, it’s important to keep CTAs attentive and attractive and White Space can do that for you. White Space prevents muddling the CTAs, content and images. Use more White Space to give more places to throw a great number of CTAs.


White space is a powerful factor to consider while designing a website

For a designer, it can be frustrating to feel that a lot of content is there to manage and you are still fighting to gain the user’s attention without a consistent separation in between content. Busy and crowded websites are difficult to understand and so it’s the designer’s responsibility to keep the user’s interest.

It’s understood that people look for the content before they read it. White Space is the big and main part of keeping the content scannable making it more alluring. It also helps your website look higher quality, light and elegant. It balances the layout and carries the visual design’s integrity.

White Space can’t be recognised as the only space as its design tool each designer should consider white taking the first step of web designing. its application is art and the right use is science. Depending on the targeted audiences, the White Space ratio may vary which builds a brand identity. Thus, start designing your website using the powerful White Space tool.


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